SPSS and Statistics

SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) is specialist software used for analyzing and manipulating statistics.

It can used to perform a number of functions, including producing descriptive statistics, reliability tests, t-tests, ANOVA and MANOVA processes, regression procedures, and factor and cluster analyses.

The software itself may be downloaded via the Download Centre, where you will also find licensing information.


If you are new to SPSS, you may find it the overview provided by the software's developer, IBM, useful as a starting point. You will also find our guide helpful, which includes a glossary of key technical terms you will come across as you use the software.

(*Before using any of the items listed below, check the publication date against the version of SPSS you are using. Whilst the principles will be the same, the screenshots in particular may be out of date.)

Cardiff Met's libraries hold a number of books dealing with SPSS. For an overview of the software and its functions, have a look at:

Julie Pallant, SPSS survival guide (there are a number of editions; the two most recent, 2010 and 2011, are both available online).

In addition, some of the following will also be helpful:

Antonius, R. (2003) Interpreting quantative data with SPSS. London: SAGE

Brace, N., Kemp, R. and Snelgar, R. (2012) SPSS for psychologists. 5th edn. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan

Bryman, A. and Cramer, D. (2011) Quantative data analysis with SPSS 17, 18 and 19: a guide for social scientists. London: Routledge

Coakes, S. J. (2008) SPSS: Analysis without anguish: version 16 for Windows. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons Ltd

Connolly, P. (2007) Quantitative data analysis in education: a critical introduction using SPSS. London: Routledge

Einspruch, E. L. (2005) An introductory guide to SPSS for Windows. 2nd edn. London: SAGE

Field, A. P. (2009) Discovering statistics using SPSS. 3rd edn. London: SAGE

George, D. and Mallery, P. (2012) IBM SPSS statistics step by step: a simple guide and reference. 12th edn. London: Pearson

Green, S. B., Salkind, N. J. and Akey, T. M. (2000) Using SPSS for Windows: analyzing and understanding data. 2nd edn. London: Prentice Hall

Healey, J. F. (2009) Exploring social issues: using SPSS for Windows. 3rd edn. London: Pine Forge Press.

Hinton, P. R. (2004) SPSS explained. Hove: Routledge

Kremelberg, D. (2010) Practical statistics: a quick and easy guide to IBM SPSS statistics, STATA and other statistical software. London: SAGE

Muijs, D. (2010) Doing quantative research in education with SPSS. 2nd edn. London: SAGE

Ntoumanis, N. (2001) A step-by-step guide to SPSS for sport and exercise studies. London: Routledge

Wagner, W. E. (2009) Using SPSS for social statistics and research methods. 2nd edn. London: Pine Forge Press