Research Support

Library Services offers support for Cardiff Met researchers in a number of ways, as highlighted below. 

Take a look at our DSpace page for more information about our open access repository.

You can now add your research to DSpace even more quickly via our new service DSpace Dropoff - this interface will allow you to share your research without having to fill out multiple fields or login to DSpace itself. Just upload your research and we'll take care of the rest for you!

Please upload the post-print/accepted manuscript version of your research (if applicable) to the Dropoff - this is the version that has been peer reviewed but no publisher typesetting has been added. Uploading this version is especially important for the OA requirements of REF 2021 but it also aids the sharing of your research in a frictionless way.   

If you would like further help or advice, please contact Mark (Research Librarian) @

Browzine (e-journal browsing service)


Cardiff Met has full access to BrowZine, a discovery service that brings back the power of browsing, allowing you to browse, discover, organise and optimize the way you interact with e-journals.

With BrowZine, you can:

  • Browse and read e-journals by subject
  • Create your own bookshelf and be notified when new issues are published
  • Save articles for offline reading or export to other web services
  • Export references to EndNote, Mendeley, Zotero, or RefWorks

Download the app for your mobile device or access via your desktop and start populating your bookshelf today! Find out more about Browzine by watching the Be Inspired with Browzine video.

If you have any questions or feedback regarding BrowZine, these can be directed to

Open access overview

What is open access?

Open access literature is digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. (Suber, 2004)

Proponents of open access believe research should not be locked behind pay-walls (such as subscription charges and pay-per-view fees); rather, it should be open to anyone, anywhere in the world to read and use. The internet and the consent of the author or copyright-holder make open access possible.

The two main open access publishing avenues are:

GOLD - an author publishes their article in an open access journal, or in a hybrid journal that offers some open access content. Sometimes an author's fee is involved and this is known as an article processing charge (APC). The article is then immediately available to all.

GREEN - an author publishes in a traditional subscription-based journal and then archives a version of their article in a subject repository or an institutional repository, such as Cardiff Met's DSpace.

See Peter Suber's Open Access Overview for detailed explanation - there's also a very brief version.

Timeline of key open access developments in the UK

The UK makes a firm commitment to an OA policy for publicly funded research and forms a working group, led by Dame Janet Finch, to recommend a model for expanding access to the published findings of research.

JUNE 2012
The Finch Report is published, recommending a clear policy direction in the UK towards support for gold OA publishing.

JULY 2012
The Government announces that it has accepted the recommendations of the Finch Report. The response indicates that Government is looking to the Funding Councils and Research Councils to implement the recommendations in consultation with universities, research institutions, researchers and publishers.

Research Councils UK (RCUK), having had policies on OA since 2005, updates their RCUK Policy on Open Access in the wake of the Finch Report. All major research funders operating in the UK, if they don't already have existing policies, now plan to have a policy mandating OA for the research they fund.

MAY 2013
The Wellcome Trust extends their open access policy to include scholarly monographs and book chapters.

JULY 2013
HEFCE (and the other three UK funding bodies: the Department for Employment and Learning, Northern Ireland; the Higher Education Funding Council for Wales; and the Scottish Funding Council) launches a consultation on OA in the post-2014 Research Excellence Framework (REF). Over 460 written responses are received.

MARCH 2014
HEFCE (and the other three UK funding bodies) publish details of a new policy for open access relating to future research assessments after the current 2014 REF. The policy describes new eligibility requirements for outputs submitted to the post-2014 REF.

Open access requirement for REF

Is my work eligible for the next REF?

In March 2014, HEFCE and the other three UK funding bodies published details of a new policy for open access relating to future research assessments. The policy applies to all journal articles and conference proceedings with an ISSN accepted for publication after 1 April 2016.

The core of the policy is that journal articles and conference proceedings must be available in an open-access form to be eligible for the next REF. Researchers will need to upload the post-print version to DSpace as soon as it has been accepted for publication (and no later than three months after acceptance)*. The post-print may be replaced at a later date with the published version where this is permitted by the publisher.

*A longer timeframe applies during the first year of the policy and outputs can be deposited in a repository at any point between acceptance and up to three months after the date of publication. However, researchers are encouraged to deposit upon acceptance from the outset.

Please see HEFCE's OA slide pack for a quick introduction to the policy.

What is a post-print?

The post-print is the version of the article after it has been peer-reviewed and revised into its final form by the author, often referred to as the author’s accepted manuscript or author's final peer-reviewed manuscript. This version does not include the publishers' logos, final formatting or typesetting.

Clarification from HEFCE: The author’s final, accepted manuscript is the one that has been agreed with the editor at that point. The accepted manuscript is not the same as the copy-edited, typeset or published paper – these versions are known as ‘proofs’ or ‘versions of record’ and publishers do not normally allow authors to make these open-access.


HEFCE regularly updates their open access FAQ page.

Answer 4.1 on the topic of date of acceptance and post-prints will be of particular interest to researchers getting to grips with the open access requirement.

Other funders and open access

Funder requirements

If your funder has an open access mandate you MUST make your research open access

Does my funder have an open access mandate?

Check your funder's policy using the SHERPA/JULIET service.

Offsetting agreements for open access publishing

Offsetting agreements

Sometimes it is necessary to pay an article-processing charge (APC) in order to publish your work in an open access journal. As most APC payments are made to large ‘traditional’ commercial publishers who also received considerable subscription income, JISC has brokered a number of agreements in order to address this problem of "double dipping".  Cardiff Met has entered into the following agreements:


The SpringerCompact agreement allows Cardiff Met researchers to publish their articles open access in subscription journals that offer the Open Choice option.

Taylor & FrancisCardiff Met receives a certain number of vouchers each year entitling our researchers to a 75% discount on APCs in Taylor & Francis Open Select Journals.

If you have any questions about these offset agreements, please contact


Alternative Guide to Postgraduate Funding Gateway

The Alternative Guide (AGO) is a new web resource for current and prospective postgraduate students (any subject, any nationality) who are looking to fund PhD, Masters, and PGCE study in the UK through grants from charities, trusts, and foundations.

Access: Anyone with a email account can access this resource.

Research Professional

Research Professional is an extensive database of global research funding opportunities, and news content providing the latest information on international research policy and practice aimed at the academic community.

Access: Anyone with a email account can access this resource from here

Research impact

What is research impact?

Research Council UK (RCUK) defines research impact as 'the demonstrable contribution that excellent research makes to society and the economy'. The RCUK has highlighted the potential range of impacts that can be generated from research in its Pathways to Impact diagram.

Why is it important?

Researchers may be asked to describe the impact of their work when submitting grant proposals, project reports, etc. In addition, demonstrating research impact now forms part of the requirements for the Research Excellence Framework (REF).

Improving research impact

You could make your work open access in the hope of furthering its reach and impact. You could also use social media to promote your research.

Measuring research impact

Bibliometrics can be used as a means of measuring research impact. For an overview of the value, use and limitations of bibliometrics, see the following tutorial from the Irish National Digital Learning Resources service:

Measuring your Research Impact (MyRI) tutorial

Analysis tools at Cardiff Met

Journal, article and researcher based metrics

You can use Scopus to obtain journal, article and researcher based metrics. Please remember that, as results vary depending on the tool used, you cannot compare metrics sourced from Scopus with those of other citation indexes.

Alt(ernative) metrics

Cardiff Met does not have a subscription to Altmetric, but the Altmetric bookmarklet is free to install to Chrome, Firefox and Safari.

Help and guidance

Please contact us with any questions relating to bibliometrics.

Social media

Increasingly, researchers are using digital tools to promote research and scholarship.

We have highlighted a selection of resources below.

Networking is a platform for academics to share research papers and follow researchers in the same field.

Mendeley offers a number of tools for researchers as well as providing a social network for academics.

ResearchGate is a network dedicated to science and research.


The Academic Blog Portal provides a list of blogs for academic bloggers and academics more generally.

Twitter is the best known micro-blogging service. Many researchers use it to spread the word about their research interests and publications.


Cardiff Met's Social Media Guidance

Using Twitter in university research, teaching, and impact activities (LSE, 2011)

Copyright for academic staff

General copyright guidance

Please see our Copyright page for an overview of copyright, including the licences and resources available at Cardiff Met.

JISC Legal and JISC Digital Media are also invaluable sources of information concerning copyright for higher education.

Managing your copyright

You have copyright of your article unless you transfer it to another party. You are not obliged to transfer copyright to anyone, but in practice many academic publishers ask for transfer of copyright as a condition of publication.

Copyright Transfer Agreement

If you have transferred your copyright to a publisher, you are bound by their copyright restrictions. Such transfer agreements can remove certain re-use and distribution rights.

If you would like to retain some rights:

Creative Commons Licences

CC-BY is the Creative Commons Attribution Licence and is seen by many 'to be consistent with the strongest form of open access as it includes the least restrictions' (Morrison, 2013). The RCUK and the Wellcome Trust only fund articles published under this licence.

There are several different types of Creative Commons licence. Further information is available on the Creative Commons website: About the licences.

Not everyone is a fan of Creative Commons licences (see Heather Morrison's 2013 blog post for one perspective on this), but they do enable authors to provide greater permissions for their work to be shared and re-used.

Help and guidance

Please contact us for guidance concerning transfer agreements or Creative Commons licences. Please note that Library Services cannot offer legal advice.

Copyright for doctoral students

General copyright guidance

Please see our Copyright page for an overview of copyright, including the licences and resources available at Cardiff Met.

JISC Legal and JISC Digital Media are also invaluable sources of information concerning copyright for higher education.

Third party copyright in theses

Third party copyright refers to copyright works created by someone other than yourself. If you make use of third party material in your thesis, you will need to ask yourself the following questions:

  • Do you know if the material is protected by copyright?

  • Do you know if a legal exception applies to your use of the material?

  • Is the work licenced for re-use using Creative Commons?

If the work is protected by copyright and a legal exception or licence for re-use does not apply, you will need to obtain permission to use the material from the copyright owner.

It can sometimes be difficult to assess whether a legal exception applies to your intended use of a copyright work, especially with regards to non-text based materials such as images. Therefore, if you are in any doubt, we recommend seeking permission from the copyright owner.

Theses and the institutional repository (DSpace)

You should undertake your research and prepare your thesis understanding that an electronic copy will be deposited in Cardiff Met's institutional repository (DSpace) and the British Library's Electronic Theses Online Service (EThOS). Priority should always be given to preparing a thesis for examination, but steps should be taken during the preparation of your thesis to ensure that it can be deposited in DSpace.

Please note that you will be asked by to sign an E-Theses Deposit Agreement upon submission of your thesis, so you may wish to become familiar with this agreement.

What are the benefits of depositing your thesis in DSpace?

  • Represents the scholarship produced at Cardiff Met

  • The repository is accessible globally meaning that your thesis will reach a wider audience

  • Increased visibility for you as a researcher

Seeking permission from the copyright owner

Once you have established the identity of the copyright owner, you should refer to the guidance provided by JISC for clearing copyright. There is also a template permissions letter that you may wish to make use of; however, in some cases the copyright owner may have an online system for managing such requests, or a standard form of document.

Where you are granted permission to use a work, you will need to indicate this at the appropriate point in your thesis.

Help and guidance

Please contact us for guidance concerning copyright. Please note that Library Services cannot offer legal advice.